Legal Norwegian: Vocabulary for Understanding Laws

Welcome to our guide on Norwegian laws. Here, you’ll learn vital legal Norwegian words. These words are key for anyone wanting to know more about the Norwegian legal field. This includes students, expatriates, and professionals alike. Knowing these terms will help you talk confidently about Norwegian law.

This article will shed light on legal Norwegian vocabulary. It will provide you with the language skills to read legal texts and talk precisely. You’ll be able to explore different areas of Norwegian law. This includes criminal, civil, and administrative law. Also, you’ll learn about contract and employment law, property and family law. This guide is your go-to for understanding the Norwegian legal system.

We’ll go through essential legal terms and what they mean. You’ll get a solid idea of how the Norwegian legal system works. Our aim is to ensure you’re comfortable with legal Norwegian words. This will help you understand legal processes better. You’ll also feel more at ease talking about legal stuff with experts.

So, come along as we learn about legal Norwegian together. It’s time to get into the details of the Norwegian legal system. Let’s do this!

Table of Contents

The Importance of Legal Vocabulary in Norwegian

It’s key to grasp legal terms in Norwegian if you aim to get the laws there. Knowing these words helps you talk and read legal papers well.

These terms are the basis of Norway’s legal system. Understanding them is important for a few good reasons:

  • Clear communication: Legal experts in Norway speak a unique language. Learning their terms lets you talk to these pros well. This makes sure your point is clear.
  • Interpreting legal documents: Many papers, like contracts, are in Norwegian. Knowing legal words helps you see what such documents mean. You’ll get your rights and duties clearly.
  • Navigating the legal system: If you need legal help in Norway, knowing some terms can be a big help. It makes talks with lawyers better. This way, things move smoother and fast for you.

Learning Norwegian legal words is worth your time. It makes facing the law less scary and more clear. The next part will help you with a general view on Norwegian laws.

Navigating Norwegian Legal System: A Brief Overview

Understanding Norwegian laws needs a look at the legal system. This overview will show the branches of law, the basic structure of the system, and key legal terms in Norwegian.

The Three Branches of Norwegian Law

Norway’s legal system is made of three parts:

  1. Criminal Law
  2. Civil Law
  3. Administrative Law

Each part handles different law areas and uses its own terms.

The Basic Structure of the Legal System

Norway’s legal system is like a ladder. Different courts oversee different cases. Here’s how it works:

  • Supreme Court of Norway: The top legal body in the land.
  • Court of Appeals: Looks at cases from lower courts that people don’t agree with.
  • District Courts: Works on many criminal and civil cases.

These courts are key to the Norwegian legal system. They use the law and past cases to make decisions.

Norway’s legal system is open and follows the rules closely. Knowing its design helps to understand legal terms in Norwegian and how legal matters work in Norway.

Criminal Law in Norway: Important Terms to Know

Criminal law in Norway uses special words and ideas. It’s key to know the language of the law in Norwegian courts if you’re dealing with legal issues. This guide will break down essential terms for you, making the Norwegian legal system easier to understand.

1. Felony

A felony in Norway is a big crime punished with over a year in prison. This covers serious offenses like murder and robbery.

2. Misdemeanor

Smaller offenses, known as misdemeanors, have lighter punishments, usually under a year in prison. For example, small thefts and light assaults are misdemeanors.

3. Homicide

Homicide is causing someone’s death. In Norway, this includes intentional homicide (drap) and negligent homicide (uaktsomt drap).

4. Robbery

Robbery is taking someone’s stuff using force or threats. In Norway, this is a major crime, called robbery (ran).

5. Assault

Assault is hurting or scaring someone on purpose. It’s called legemsbeskadigelse in Norwegian law.

6. Theft

Theft means taking what isn’t yours. In Norway, theft (tyveri) includes both small and big thefts.

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Learning these legal terms helps you understand the Norwegian legal system better. This is great if you’re ever dealing with the law in Norway.

Civil Law in Norway: Key Terms Explained

Civil law is very important in Norway’s legal system. It handles disputes between people and groups. Knowing key terms in civil law is crucial for dealing with court cases in Norway.

Legal Norwegian terms are vital for understanding civil court. Learning these Norwegian legal terms helps you grasp your rights, duties, and the legal steps in civil cases.

Key Terms in Civil Law

Here are some important law terminology in Norwegian to know:

  1. Erstatning – Compensation for damages
  2. Kontrakt – Contract
  3. Overtredelse – Breach
  4. Forliksråd – Conciliation board
  5. Rettsforlik – Judicial settlement
  6. Skjønn – Appraisal
  7. Egenerklæring – Self-declaration
  8. Tvisteloven – Dispute Act
  9. Forvaltningsrett – Administrative law

These are basic terms. There are more legal Norwegian words for civil law. Learning these helps you talk about legal matters and understand legal paperwork.

Administrative Law in Norway: Vocabulary and Definitions

Administrative law is key in how people and the government in Norway interact. Knowing the terms and ideas in this area really helps you work through the system. This is important for dealing with admin tasks in the country.

1. Administrative Agency

These are government offices that see to it laws are carried out. They make choices, hand out permissions, and check if rules are followed. They’re key in the whole admin law structure.

2. Administrative Decision

An administrative decision is a ruling made by one of these offices. They follow the law to make these decisions. These choices can really affect people or groups. It’s crucial to get what these decisions mean.

3. Appeals Process

If you think a decision is wrong, you have a way to contest it. This is through an appeals process. You can take your case to a higher authority or a special court.

4. Administrative Procedure

This term describes how these offices run things. It makes sure they do things fairly and openly. This way, everyone can have a say in what happens.

5. Administrative Law Judge

These judges look over disagreements between people or groups and government offices. They’re there to be fair and to apply the law properly. They make sure decisions are based on the law.

6. Legal Remedies

If an admin decision impacts you, there are things you can do. You might get paid, get an order to stop something, or push for a decision review.

If you learn the terms and ideas in Norwegian admin law, you’ll be more prepared. This helps you work with the government. It ensures you know your rights under Norwegian law.

Contract Law: Understanding Norwegian Legal Vocabulary

In Norway, understanding contract law is important for dealing with agreements and commitments. Knowing key terms in Norwegian will help you get the hang of it. Below, you’ll see some important contract law words to learn.

1. Avtale (Agreement)

An “avtale” is a real commitment between two or more parties. It sets out the rules they must follow.

2. Kontraktsbrudd (Breach of Contract)

When someone doesn’t do what they promised, it’s a “kontraktsbrudd”. This mistake can have legal effects and ways to fix things for the hurt party.

3. Partsforhold (Party Relationship)

The “partsforhold” is how parties are connected within a deal. Knowing what each must do and what they have rights to is key for a good deal.

4. Tilbud (Offer)

A “tilbud” is when one side tells the other they’re ready to make a deal. They lay out what they expect in the deal.

5. Aksept (Acceptance)

When an offer is totally agreed to, that’s an “aksept”. This makes a serious deal between the parties.

6. Ugyldig (Invalid)

A “ugyldig” contract or part is one that legally can’t be used. This could be because of cheating, pressure, or being against the law.

7. Force Majeure (Force Majeure)

“Force majeure” means big surprises or events that no one can control. They can make it okay not to follow the contract, without getting into trouble.

Learning these basic contract law terms will make you more ready to handle deals in Norway.

Employment Law Terminology in Norwegian

In Norway, understanding employment law is key for both workplace parties. It makes handling work-related issues much easier. You must grasp the important legal words in employment law to do well in Norway.

Knowing the terms and concepts used in Norwegian work law is important. It lets you follow the rules and defend your rights. Here’s a short list of words you should know:

1. Arbeidsavtale (Employment Contract)

  • An agreement between an employer and employee on work terms and conditions.

2. Oppsigelse (Termination of Employment)

  • It’s when a job ends, done by either the employer (oppsigelse fra arbeidsgiver) or employee (eget oppsigelse).

3. Arbeidsmiljø (Work Environment)

  • This covers the physical and mental aspects of work, like health and safety, affecting employee well-being.

4. Lønn (Salary)

  • It’s the pay for work done, often set as a monthly or hourly rate.

5. Arbeidstaker (Employee)

  • Someone who works for an employer based on an employment contract.

6. Arbeidsgiver (Employer)

  • The one who hires and provides work with suitable work conditions for employees.

Learning these and more Norwegian employment law terms is a plus. It helps you handle legal job matters in Norway. Whether signing a work contract or ensuring a safe job place, knowing the law talk helps one’s rights and choices.

Property Law in Norway: Important Terms Deciphered

Property law in Norway is the set of rules for owning and using property. It’s important for anyone buying or selling property in Norway to know these terms. This knowledge helps in property deals or solving issues.

Here are some key terms:

1. Eiendom

Eiendom means real property, like land and buildings on it. This term is key if you’re into owning property.

2. Borettslag

A borettslag means a housing cooperative. People buy shares and get a specific apartment’s right to use. It’s crucial to know the rules of living in a borettslag for property deals.

3. Sameie

Sameie means owning a property with others. Each owner gets rights to use some parts. Knowing sameie rules is vital for shared property arrangements.

4. Skjøte

A skjøte is a document for transferring property ownership. Knowing about skjøte is important in property deals.

5. Tomtefesteloven

The Tomtefesteloven is Norway’s Land Lease Act. It covers leasing land for homes or businesses. Understanding this act is key for lease agreements.

Learning these property law terms helps in dealing with property issues and transactions in Norway.

Family Law Vocabulary in Norwegian

Family law is important in Norway for dealing with things like marriage and divorce. It also covers child custody. By understanding these legal terms, you can better handle family legal issues in Norway.

Here are some key legal terms in family law to help you understand:

1. Ekteskap (Marriage)

“Ekteskap” means marriage in Norwegian. It’s a legal bond between two people. Marriage comes with many rights and duties in family law.

2. Skilsmisse (Divorce)

“Skilsmisse” is the word for divorce in Norway. It ends a marriage legally. Divorce includes sharing assets and deciding on child arrangements.

3. Barnetrygd (Child Support)

“Barnetrygd” means child support in Norway. It’s money from one parent to the other after a split. This money helps with the child’s care.

4. Foreldreansvar (Parental Responsibility)

“Foreldreansvar” covers a parent’s rights and jobs. It decides things like the child’s school and health care.

5. Samværsrett (Visitation Rights)

“Samværsrett” talks about visitation rights for the non-custodial parent. It lets them see their child after a breakup or divorce.

6. Samboerskap (Cohabitation)

In Norway, “Samboerskap” means living together without being married. Even though it’s not marriage, there are some legal aspects to consider.

Learning these terms will give you confidence in handling family law issues in Norway. You’ll know what they mean and can talk with lawyers or officials more easily.


Understanding the Legal Norwegian terms is crucial. It helps understand Norwegian laws and the legal system in Norway. By learning the main legal words, you can better understand the legal system there.

It doesn’t matter if you’re a lawyer, a student, or just interested in the law. Knowing Legal Norwegian can boost your career. You will be able to talk about the law effectively.

Ready to learn Legal Norwegian? Check out the NLS Norwegian Language School in Oslo. They have great teachers and classes. NLS will help you speak about the law in Norwegian clearly. Start your journey to learn legal Norwegian with NLS today!


Why is it important to understand legal vocabulary in Norwegian?

It’s crucial to know legal terms in Norwegian for good communication and understanding of laws. This helps you easily move through the Norwegian legal system.

What is the Norwegian legal system like?

The system includes various laws and follows a clear structure. Learning its basics lets you see why knowing Norwegian legal terms is so important.

What are some key legal terms related to criminal law in Norway?

Norway’s criminal law uses specific words and ideas. Knowing these terms helps you follow criminal justice activities and words in Norway.

What legal terms should I know for civil law cases in Norway?

In Norwegian courts, civil law matters a lot. This part teaches you important civil law terms. It prepares you to understand lawsuits in Norway.

What are the key terms and concepts in administrative law in Norway?

Administrative law in Norway is about people’s rights with the government. Learning key terms makes dealing with the government easier.

What legal terms should I understand in contract law in Norway?

Contract law involves promises between people in Norway. This part gives you the words you need to understand contracts and agreements.

What are some important employment law terms in Norwegian?

Knowing about employment law is important for both workers and bosses in Norway. Learning these terms helps with work-related laws and issues.

What legal terms are relevant in property law in Norway?

Property law in Norway sets rules for owning and using land. This part explains important property law terms. It makes property matters clear.

What legal vocabulary is essential for understanding family law in Norway?

Family law in Norway is about issues like marriage and child care. This section gives you the key family law terms. It helps you understand family laws in Norway.

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