Mastering Norwegian Greetings and Introductions in a Business Setting

In the realm of international business, understanding and respecting cultural nuances can make a significant difference in establishing successful relationships. Norway, known for its high standard of living, egalitarian principles, and robust economy, offers a unique business environment that requires a specific approach to greetings and introductions. Mastering these subtleties can pave the way for smoother interactions and more fruitful collaborations.

The Importance of Greetings in Norwegian Business Culture

Norwegian business culture places a strong emphasis on politeness and respect. Greetings are the first point of contact and set the tone for the interaction. While Norwegians are generally informal compared to many other cultures, maintaining a level of professionalism is crucial, especially in business settings.

Common Greetings in Norwegian Business

  1. “Hei” or “Hallo”: These are the most common and casual greetings in Norwegian, equivalent to “Hi” or “Hello” in English. They are appropriate for everyday interactions but can be used in business settings, particularly if you are familiar with the person you are greeting.
  2. “God morgen” (Good Morning), “God dag” (Good Day), and “God ettermiddag” (Good Afternoon): These are more formal greetings and are suitable for initial meetings or formal business interactions. Using time-specific greetings demonstrates an understanding of polite conversation norms.
  3. Handshakes: In Norway, a firm handshake is a standard greeting in business contexts. It should be accompanied by direct eye contact and a friendly smile. Both men and women shake hands, and it is customary to shake hands with everyone present when arriving and leaving.

Introducing Yourself in Norwegian

When introducing yourself, clarity and brevity are appreciated. Norwegians value straightforward communication without unnecessary embellishments.

  1. “Jeg heter [Your Name]” (My name is [Your Name]): This is the simplest way to introduce yourself. Follow it with your title or position if relevant to the context. For example, “Jeg heter John Smith, og jeg er markedssjef” (My name is John Smith, and I am the Marketing Manager).
  2. “Hyggelig å møte deg” (Nice to meet you): This phrase is a polite way to acknowledge the introduction and can be used in both formal and informal settings.
  3. Exchanging Business Cards: Business cards are exchanged in a straightforward manner without much ceremony. Ensure your card has your contact information and title clearly printed. It’s a good idea to offer your card after initial introductions.

Useful Vocabulary and Phrases

  1. “Hvordan har du det?” (How are you?): A common question to show interest in the other person’s well-being. It can be used in both casual and business contexts.
  2. “Takk for sist” (Thank you for the last time): This phrase is often used when meeting someone again after a previous encounter, showing that you remember and appreciate the last meeting.
  3. “Hva driver du med?” (What do you do?): A common question to inquire about someone’s profession or activities. It’s a good way to start a conversation in a business setting.
  4. “Kan vi avtale et møte?” (Can we schedule a meeting?): Useful for proposing a meeting time and showing your initiative and interest in further discussions.
  5. “Jeg ser frem til å samarbeide med deg” (I look forward to working with you): This phrase can help end a meeting on a positive note, expressing your enthusiasm for future collaboration.

Addressing Titles and Forms of Address

Norwegian business culture tends to be less hierarchical than in many other countries. The use of first names is common, even in professional settings, reflecting the country’s egalitarian values.

  1. First Names: It is generally acceptable to use first names after the initial introduction. However, if you are unsure, it is polite to ask, “Kan jeg bruke fornavnet ditt?” (May I use your first name?).
  2. Titles: When addressing someone with a specific title, such as “Doktor” (Doctor) or “Professor,” it’s polite to use these titles initially until invited to use their first name.

Business Meeting Etiquette

  1. Punctuality: Norwegians value punctuality highly. Arriving on time, or a few minutes early, is expected and shows respect for the other party’s time.
  2. Dress Code: Business attire in Norway tends to be conservative but not overly formal. A suit and tie for men, and a business suit or smart dress for women, are appropriate for most business meetings.
  3. Communication Style: Norwegians appreciate direct and clear communication. Avoiding small talk and getting straight to the point is often seen as respectful and efficient.

Building Relationships

While Norwegians may initially seem reserved, building a solid business relationship is crucial for long-term success. Socializing outside of formal business settings, such as over lunch or dinner, can help establish trust and rapport.

  1. Respect Personal Space: Norwegians value personal space and privacy. Maintaining an appropriate physical distance during conversations is important.
  2. Follow-Up: After meetings, follow up with a thank-you email or note. Expressing appreciation for the meeting and reiterating key points discussed can reinforce your interest and commitment.

Practical Scenarios

Scenario 1: Meeting a Potential Business Partner

You enter the meeting room at precisely the agreed-upon time.

You: God morgen, jeg heter John Smith, hyggelig å møte deg. (Good morning, my name is John Smith, nice to meet you).

You extend a firm handshake, maintain eye contact, and smile. After exchanging business cards, you sit down and start the conversation.

You: Hvordan har du det? (How are you?)

Partner: Jeg har det bra, takk. Og du? (I am well, thank you. And you?)

You: Jeg har det bra, takk. La meg fortelle litt om vårt firma. (I am well, thank you. Let me tell you a bit about our company).

Scenario 2: Attending a Business Lunch

At a business lunch, you greet your host with “Hei” or “Hallo” and a handshake. Once seated, you engage in light conversation.

You: Hva driver du med? (What do you do?)

Host: Jeg jobber som finansdirektør i ABC Bedrift. Og du? (I work as the Finance Director at ABC Company. And you?)

You: Jeg er markedssjef i XYZ Firma. Vi er veldig interessert i å diskutere samarbeid med dere. (I am the Marketing Manager at XYZ Company. We are very interested in discussing collaboration with you).

As the lunch progresses, you discuss business matters directly and efficiently. At the end of the lunch…

You: Jeg ser frem til å samarbeide med deg. (I look forward to working with you).

Extended Vocabulary List

Greetings and Introductions

  1. Hei – Hi
  2. Hallo – Hello
  3. God morgen – Good morning
  4. God dag – Good day
  5. God ettermiddag – Good afternoon
  6. God kveld – Good evening
  7. God natt – Good night
  8. Jeg heter [Name] – My name is [Name]
  9. Hyggelig å møte deg – Nice to meet you
  10. Hva heter du? – What is your name?
  11. Hvordan har du det? – How are you?
  12. Hvordan går det? – How is it going?
  13. Takk for sist – Thank you for the last time
  14. Hva driver du med? – What do you do?
  15. Kan vi avtale et møte? – Can we schedule a meeting?
  16. Jeg ser frem til å samarbeide med deg – I look forward to working with you
  17. Fornavn – First name
  18. Etternavn – Last name
  19. Doktor – Doctor
  20. Professor – Professor

Business and Office

  1. Firma – Company
  2. Bedrift – Business
  3. Selskap – Corporation
  4. Avdeling – Department
  5. Kontor – Office
  6. Møte – Meeting
  7. Avtale – Appointment
  8. Prosjekt – Project
  9. Samarbeid – Collaboration
  10. Partnere – Partners
  11. Kunde – Client
  12. Leverandør – Supplier
  13. Markedsføring – Marketing
  14. Finansiering – Finance
  15. Økonomi – Economy
  16. Regnskap – Accounting
  17. Budsjett – Budget
  18. Resultat – Outcome/Result
  19. Mål – Goal
  20. Plan – Plan
  21. Strategi – Strategy
  22. Forretningsplan – Business plan
  23. Markedsplan – Marketing plan

Interactions and Communication

  1. Møteledelse – Meeting management
  2. Diskusjon – Discussion
  3. Forhandling – Negotiation
  4. Avtale – Agreement
  5. Kontrakt – Contract
  6. Presentasjon – Presentation
  7. Tilbakemelding – Feedback
  8. Kommunikasjon – Communication
  9. E-post – Email
  10. Telefonsamtale – Phone call
  11. Video konferanse – Video conference
  12. Rapport – Report
  13. Analyse – Analysis
  14. Evaluering – Evaluation
  15. Dokumentasjon – Documentation
  16. Referat – Minutes (of a meeting)
  17. Utredning – Assessment

Practical Dialogues

Dialogue 1: Setting Up a Meeting

You want to schedule a meeting with a potential business partner.

You: Hei, jeg heter John Smith fra XYZ Firma. Kan vi avtale et møte neste uke? (Hi, my name is John Smith from XYZ Company. Can we schedule a meeting next week?)

Partner: Hei John, hyggelig å møte deg. Ja, det passer fint. Når har du tid? (Hi John, nice to meet you. Yes, that suits me well. When are you available?)

You: Jeg er ledig tirsdag eller onsdag. Hva passer best for deg? (I am available Tuesday or Wednesday. What works best for you?)

Partner: La oss møtes onsdag klokken ti. (Let’s meet on Wednesday at ten o’clock.)

You: Perfekt, takk. Jeg ser frem til møtet. (Perfect, thank you. I look forward to the meeting.)

Dialogue 2: Introducing Your Company

During a business meeting, you introduce your company.

You: God morgen alle sammen, jeg heter John Smith og jeg er markedssjef i XYZ Firma. (Good morning everyone, my name is John Smith and I am the Marketing Manager at XYZ Company.)

Attendee: God morgen, hyggelig å møte deg. Kan du fortelle oss mer om XYZ Firma? (Good morning, nice to meet you. Can you tell us more about XYZ Company?)

You: Selvfølgelig. XYZ Firma spesialiserer seg på bærekraftige løsninger innen teknologi. Vi har over ti års erfaring og jobber med kunder over hele verden. (Of course. XYZ Company specializes in sustainable solutions in technology. We have over ten years of experience and work with clients all over the world.)

Attendee: Imponerende. Hvordan ser fremtidsplanene deres ut? (Impressive. What are your future plans?)

You: Vi planlegger å utvide vår virksomhet i Skandinavia og utvikle nye innovative produkter. (We plan to expand our business in Scandinavia and develop new innovative products.)


Mastering Norwegian greetings and introductions in a business setting is an essential step towards fostering successful professional relationships. By understanding and respecting the nuances of Norwegian business etiquette, you demonstrate cultural awareness and build a foundation of mutual respect and trust. As you navigate the Norwegian business landscape, these practices will not only help you make a positive impression but also pave the way for meaningful and productive collaborations.

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